Practice Relating to Rule 132. Return of Displaced Persons
Section B. Measures to facilitate return and reintegration
Colombia’s Basic Military Manual (1995) provides that at the end of the conflict, the parties have a duty to “facilitate the return of the displaced population and to provide them with protection and humanitarian assistance”.
Under Colombia’s Law on Internally Displaced Persons (1997), a National System of Integral Care for the Displaced Population on Account of Violence was created in order to facilitate the integration of displaced persons in Colombian society. A National Plan was also established in order to, inter alia
, adopt means to facilitate the voluntary return of displaced persons.
In 2004, in its third periodic report to the Committee on the Rights of the Child, Colombia stated:
117. The [Government’s] Programme of Comprehensive Care for the Displaced Population and the Social Solidarity Network are trying to find ways to improve living conditions for displaced people by providing comprehensive assistance that will enable families to become productive again and to recover their emotional stability, either by returning to their place of origin or by relocating elsewhere in the country.
118. Under … the resettlement arrangements, 9,285 households and 1,813 individuals benefited from expenditure of 13,099 million pesos on income-generating projects, training for entry into the job market and housing projects in towns and in the countryside.