Practice Relating to Rule 151. Individual Responsibility
Cameroon’s Disciplinary Regulations (1975) provides that the violation of the rules of the law of war renders members of the armed forces war criminals, liable to prosecution under military jurisdiction.
Cameroon’s Instructor’s Manual (2006) states:
States parties to the Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols are obliged to repress grave breaches of the law of armed conflict and international humanitarian law. Individuals may be prosecuted for war crimes [committed] both in the course of international armed conflict (treaty-based) and non-international armed conflict (based on custom).
Cameroon’s Disciplinary Regulations (2007) states:
Article 35. Responsibility and instruction
Within the framework of the rules of this chapter, the soldiers of the Cameroonian Defence Forces must make themselves thoroughly familiar with their responsibility as regards respect for international humanitarian law and the law of armed conflicts: the violation of these rules makes them war criminals who may be brought before national military courts or international criminal courts.
Cameroon’s Instructor’s Manual (2006), under the heading “Responsibility before National Authorities”, states:
Civil action: The commander may incur civil responsibility for his acts and those of his men, but this must be qualified with regard to … a multinational force … In this case, a functional immunity may apply.