Practice Relating to Rule 59. Improper Use of the Distinctive Emblems of the Geneva Conventions
Chile’s Code of Military Justice (1925) provides that a person “who, in time of war and in the area of operations of a land military force, uses without being entitled to do so, the insignia, flags or emblems of the Red Cross” commits a punishable offence against international law.
Chile’s Emblem Law (1939), as amended in 1997, states:
Article 1. The emblem of the Red Cross on a white ground and the expressions “Red Cross” or “Geneva Cross” may be used, in peace time or in time of war, only as provided for by the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 and their Additional Protocols of 1977.
Article 4. The use of any sign or denomination which constitutes an imitation of the emblem of the red cross on a white ground or of the names Red Cross or Geneva Cross, as well as the use of similar emblems or words which can create confusion, for commercial or any other purpose, is prohibited.