Practice Relating to Rule 38. Attacks against Cultural Property
Chile’s Code of Military Justice (1925) provides for a prison sentence for “anyone who, contrary to instructions received, unnecessarily and maliciously … destroys places of worship, libraries, museums, archives or remarkable works of art”.
The Report on the Practice of Chile states that it is Chile’s opinio juris
that “the general principle of protecting cultural and religious objects is an integral part of customary international law”.