Practice Relating to Rule 88. Non-Discrimination
Côte d’Ivoire’s Teaching Manual (2007) provides in Book I (Basic instruction):
In times of war and armed conflicts, certain rules must be observed, in particular vis-à-vis the civilian population, the wounded, prisoners, and even the enemy. These rules can be found in the four Geneva Conventions of 1949 and in their Additional Protocols.
Together, these rules constitute international humanitarian law (IHL) or the law of armed conflicts (LOAC) or the law of war …
This law is based on the idea of respect for and dignity of the individual and goods. Persons who do not directly participate in hostilities and those rendered hors de combat
because they are sick, wounded, shipwrecked, captured or for other reasons, must be respected and protected against the consequences of the war. All victims must be assisted without discrimination.
In Book III, Volume 1 (Instruction of first-year trainee officers), the Teaching Manual provides:
II. The fundamental principles of IHL
Just as military operations are based on principles concerning attack, defence, withdrawal, etc., the law of armed conflicts contains a set of well-defined principles. These concrete principles reflect the realities of conflicts. They represent a balance between the principle of humanity and military necessity, and they are valid at all times, in all places, and in all circumstances. It is essential that these rules are known by all combatants. They must permanently be taken into consideration in every activity of assessment, planning, and military training or operation. The following principles can be found throughout the texts of the law of armed conflicts.
II.6. Humane treatment and non-discrimination
All persons must be treated humanely and must not be made the object of any discrimination based on sex, nationality, race, religion or political convictions.
In Book III, Volume 2 (Instruction of second-year trainee officers), the Teaching Manual provides:
Persons not or no longer participating in hostilities, including the members of the armed forces who have laid down their arms and persons rendered hors de combat
by sickness, wounds, detention or any other cause, must in all circumstances be treated humanely, without any distinction founded on race, religion, faith, sex, social class, or any other similar criteria.