Practice Relating to Rule 15. The Principle of Precautions in Attack
Côte d’Ivoire’s Teaching Manual (2007) provides in Book II (Instruction of non-commissioned officers and officers):
I.2 Duties of the non-commissioned officer or officer
Before the action, the non-commissioned officer or officer must:
- understand the given mission, including the environment (civilian population and objects, etc.),
During the action, he must:
- at all times fight with care so as to spare the lives of his men, of civilians, of wounded friends and enemies.
In Book III, Volume 1 (Instruction of first-year trainee officers), the Teaching Manual provides:
IV.1. During an attack (57 [Additional Protocol I])
Persons who plan or direct an attack against the enemy evidently wish to achieve their objective and to reduce to the minimum the risks to their own forces. The attacker must at the same time constantly strive to spare civilians and their property. The law contains clear instructions on the manner in which attacks must be planned and executed.
In Book IV (Instruction of heads of division and company commanders), the Teaching Manual provides:
The protection of civilians and of civilian objects is a fundamental principle of the LOAC. Parties to a conflict must distinguish between civilians and combatants as well as between civilian objects and military objectives. Civilians are entitled to protection against the dangers resulting from military operations. In the conduct of operations, one must always take care to spare civilians and civilian objects.
Côte d’Ivoire’s Teaching Manual (2007) provides in Book III, Volume 1 (Instruction of first-year trainee officers):
IV.1.1. Obligations in the planning of offensive actions
In the preparation of an attack, a combatant must:
- carefully consider the tactics, weapon systems and munitions to be employed. He will take all precautions possible to avoid or at least to limit as much as possible the losses or damage inflicted on civilians or on civilian objects.