Central African Republic
Practice Relating to Rule 38. Attacks against Cultural Property
The Central African Republic’s Instructor’s Manual (1999) states in Volume 1 (Basic and team leader instruction): “The following objects enjoy special protection: … cultural objects identified as such (places of worship, universities, museums)”.
In Volume 2, the manual also states:
Marked cultural property whose immunity has been lifted for reasons of military necessity must, nevertheless, be respected to the extent permitted by the tactical situation. If not already done, the distinctive emblems used to mark the protected property whose immunity has been lifted must be removed.
Also in Volume 2, the manual states: “Cultural property (places of worship, museums, etc.) displaying the protective signs must be respected. Only military commanders and the civilian authorities may lift the immunity of cultural property.”
Volume 2 further states: “Respect … objects bearing … the signs identifying cultural property.”
In Volume 3 (Instruction for non-commissioned officers studying for the level 1 and 2 certificates and for future officers of the criminal police), the manual states:
Specially protected objects [including cultural property] may not:
- be attacked.
The immunity of generally protected cultural property may be lifted only in case of imperative military necessity.
The immunity of specially protected cultural property may be lifted only in exceptional cases of unavoidable military necessity.
Also in Volume 3, the manual states:
During an attack (exceptional case of unavoidable military necessity), and if the tactical situation permits, the lifting of the immunity of a cultural object identified by three distinctive signs will be limited in time and restricted to the least important parts of the cultural object.
Volume 3 further states:
In defence (exceptional case of unavoidable military necessity), and if the tactical situation permits, the lifting of the immunity of a cultural object identified by three distinctive signs will be limited in time and restricted to the least important parts of the cultural object.
The Central African Republic’s Disciplinary Regulations (2009) states:
In accordance with the international conventions signed or approved by the Central African Government, it is stipulated that during combat servicemen must … spare buildings dedicated to religion, art, science and charitable purposes, as well as historic monuments, unless these are used for military purposes.