Practice Relating to Rule 6. Civilians’ Loss of Protection from Attack
Section C. Situations of doubt as to the character of a person
Canada’s LOAC Manual (1999) states: “In case of doubt whether a person is a civilian, that person shall be considered to be a civilian.”
Canada’s LOAC Manual (2001) states in its chapter on targeting: “In case of doubt whether a person is a civilian, that person shall be considered to be a civilian.”
Canada’s Use of Force Manual (2008), in a section entitled “Principles and rules governing the use of force that directly relates to the conduct of armed conflict”, states: “Doubt rule
. A person or object must not be attacked unless there is a reasonable belief that the person or object to be attacked is a military objective. In cases of doubt, a person is presumed to be a civilian …”.