Norma relacionada
Canada
Practice Relating to Rule 42. Works and Installations Containing Dangerous Forces
Canada’s LOAC Manual (1999) states:
72. Dams, dykes and nuclear electrical generating stations shall not be attacked, even when they are legitimate targets, if such an attack might cause the release of dangerous forces and consequent severe losses among the civilian population.
73. Other legitimate targets located at or in the vicinity of dams, dykes and nuclear electrical generating stations shall not be attacked if such an attack may cause the release of dangerous forces from those works or installations and consequent severe losses among the civilian population.
74. The protection that the LOAC provides to dams, dykes, nuclear electrical generating stations, and other legitimate targets in the vicinity of those installations is not absolute. The protection ceases in the following circumstances:
a.for a dam or dyke, only if it is used for other than its normal function and in regular, significant and direct support of military operations and if such attack is the only feasible way to terminate such support;
b.for a nuclear electrical generating station, only if it provides electric power in regular, significant and direct support of military operations and only if such attack is the only feasible way to terminate such support; and
c.for other legitimate targets located at or in the vicinity of these works or installations, only if they are used in regular, significant and direct support of military operations and if such attack is the only feasible way to terminate such support. 
Canada, The Law of Armed Conflict at the Operational and Tactical Level, Office of the Judge Advocate General, 1999, p. 4-8, §§ 72–74.
It also states that “launching an attack against works or installations containing dangerous forces in the knowledge that such attack will cause excessive collateral civilian damage” constitutes a grave breach of the 1977 Additional Protocol I. 
Canada, The Law of Armed Conflict at the Operational and Tactical Level, Office of the Judge Advocate General, 1999, p. 16-3, § 16(c).
With respect to non-international armed conflicts, the manual restates the absolute prohibition of attacks against works and installations containing dangerous forces as found in Article 15 of the 1977 Additional Protocol II. 
Canada, The Law of Armed Conflict at the Operational and Tactical Level, Office of the Judge Advocate General, 1999, p. 17-5, § 39.
Canada’s LOAC Manual (2001) states in its chapter on targeting:
1. Dams, dykes and nuclear electrical generating stations shall not be attacked, even where they are legitimate targets, if such an attack might cause the release of dangerous forces and consequent severe losses among the civilian population.
2. Other legitimate targets located at or near dams, dykes and nuclear electrical generating stations shall not be attacked if such an attack may cause the release of dangerous forces from those works or installations and consequent severe losses among the civilian population.
3. The protection that the LOAC provides to dams, dykes, nuclear electrical generating stations, and other legitimate targets near those installations is not absolute. The protection ceases in the following circumstances:
a. for a dam or dyke, only if it is used for other than its normal function and in regular, significant and direct support of military operations and if such attack is the only feasible way to terminate such support;
b. for a nuclear electrical generating station, only if it provides electric power in regular, significant and direct support of military operations and only if such attack is the only feasible way to terminate such support; and
c. for other legitimate targets located at or in the vicinity of these works or installations, only if they are used in regular, significant and direct support of military operations and if such attack is the only feasible way to terminate such support. 
Canada, The Law of Armed Conflict at the Operational and Tactical Levels, Office of the Judge Advocate General, 13 August 2001, § 444.1–3.
In its chapter on “War crimes, individual criminal liability and command responsibility”, the manual provides that “launching an attack against works or installations containing dangerous forces in the knowledge that such attack will cause excessive collateral civilian damage” constitutes a grave breach of the 1977 Additional Protocol I. 
Canada, The Law of Armed Conflict at the Operational and Tactical Levels, Office of the Judge Advocate General, 13 August 2001, § 1608.2.c.
In its chapter on non-international armed conflicts, the manual states:
It is forbidden to attack certain works or installations containing dangerous forces, namely dams, dykes and nuclear electrical generating stations, even if they may be regarded as legitimate targets, if such an attack might cause the release of dangerous forces and consequent severe losses among the civilian population. 
Canada, The Law of Armed Conflict at the Operational and Tactical Levels, Office of the Judge Advocate General, 13 August 2001, § 1722.
Canada’s Geneva Conventions Act (1985), as amended in 2007, provides: “Every person who, whether within or outside Canada, commits a grave breach [of the 1977 Additional Protocol I] … is guilty of an indictable offence.” 
Canada, Geneva Conventions Act, 1985, as amended in 2007, Section 3(1).
Canada’s LOAC Manual (1999) provides:
The parties to a conflict should avoid locating legitimate targets in the vicinity of dams, dykes and nuclear electrical generation stations. Weapons co-located for the sole purpose of defending such installations are permissible. 
Canada, The Law of Armed Conflict at the Operational and Tactical Level, Office of the Judge Advocate General, 1999, p. 4-8, § 75.
Canada’s LOAC Manual (2001) states in its chapter on targeting:
The parties to a conflict should avoid locating legitimate targets near dams, dykes and nuclear electrical generation stations. Weapons co-located for the sole purpose of defending such installations are permissible. 
Canada, The Law of Armed Conflict at the Operational and Tactical Levels, Office of the Judge Advocate General, 13 August 2001, § 444.4.