Practice Relating to Rule 99. Deprivation of Liberty
Burundi’s Regulations on International Humanitarian Law (2007) lists “unlawful detention” as a “grave breach” of IHL.
Burundi’s Law on Genocide, Crimes against Humanity and War Crimes (2003) states:
[The following are] considered as war crimes:
A. Grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions of 8 August 1949, namely, any of the following acts aimed at persons or objects protected by the provisions of the Geneva Conventions:
g) … unlawful confinement.
Burundi’s Penal Code (2009) states:
“War crimes” means crimes which are committed as part of a plan or policy or as part of a large-scale commission of such crimes, in particular:
1. Any of the following grave breaches of the 1949 Geneva Conventions … :
7°. … [U]nlawful confinement.