Practice Relating to Rule 29. Medical Transports
Burundi’s Regulations on International Humanitarian Law (2007) states with respect to “units and means of medical transport”: “They must at all times be respected and protected.”
The Regulations adds that units and means of medical transport “must not be made the object of attack”.
The Regulations further states: “Such protection ceases if [medical units and means of transport] are used outside of humanitarian purposes in harmful acts against the adversary.”
The Regulations also states: “Transportation of the civilian wounded and sick, the infirm, elderly, children and maternity cases in convoys of vehicles and hospital trains must be respected and protected in the same manner as provided for hospitals.”
Burundi’s Penal Code (2009) states:
“War crimes” means crimes which are committed as part of a plan or policy or as part of a large-scale commission of such crimes, in particular:
2. … [S]erious violations of the laws and customs applicable in international armed conflict, within the established framework of international law, namely, any of the following acts:
24°. Intentionally directing attacks against … medical transports.