Norma relacionada
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Practice Related to Rule 95. Forced Labour
The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Criminal Code (1998) provides that compelling civilians to carry out forced labour is a war crime. 
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Federation, Criminal Code, 1998, Article 154(1).
The Republika Srpska’s Criminal Code (2000) contains the same provision. 
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Republika Srpska, Criminal Code, 2000, Article 433(1).
Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Criminal Code (2003) states the following with respect to war crimes against civilians:
(1) Whoever in violation of rules of international law, in time of war, armed conflict or occupation, orders or perpetrates any of the following acts:
e) … forcible service in the … intelligence service or administration;
f) Forced labour …
shall be punished by imprisonment for a term of not less than ten years or long-term imprisonment. 
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Criminal Code, 2003, Article 173(1)(e) and (f).
The Criminal Code also states:
Whoever, in violation of the rules of international law, buys, sells, hands over to another person or mediates in the purchase, sale or handing over a child or a juvenile for the purpose of … exploitation by labour …
shall be punished by imprisonment for a term of not less than five years. 
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Criminal Code, 2003, Article 185(2).
The Criminal Code, as amended in 2004, further states:
Whoever, by means of use of force or threat of use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud or deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability, or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, recruits, transports, transfers, harbours or receipts a person, for the purpose of … forced labour or services …
shall be punished by imprisonment for a term of between one and ten years. 
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Criminal Code, 2003, as amended in 2004, Article 186(1).
The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Criminal Code (1998) provides that compelling civilians and prisoners of war to serve in the armed forces of the enemy power is a war crime. 
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Federation, Criminal Code, 1998, Articles 154(1) and 156.
The Republika Srpska’s Criminal Code (2000) contains the same provision. 
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Republika Srpska, Criminal Code, 2000, Articles 433(1) and 435.
Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Criminal Code (2003) states that, in time of war, armed conflict or occupation, ordering the “forcible service [of civilians] in the armed forces of an enemy’s army”, in violation of international law, constitutes a war crime. 
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Criminal Code, 2003, Article 173(1)(e).
The Criminal Code also contains the following war crimes provision:
Whoever, in violation of the rules of international law, orders or perpetrates in regard to prisoners of war any of the following acts:
c) Compulsive enlistment into the armed forces of an enemy power …
shall be punished by imprisonment for a term of not less than ten years or long-term imprisonment. 
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Criminal Code, 2003, Article 175(c).