Norma relacionada
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Practice Related to Rule 94. Slavery and Slave Trade
Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Criminal Code (2003) criminalizes the following act as a crime against humanity:
(1) Whoever, as part of a widespread or systematic attack directed against any civilian population, with knowledge of such an attack, perpetrates any of the following acts:
c) Enslavement.
(2) For the purpose of paragraph 1 of this Article the following terms shall have the following meanings:
c) Enslavement means the exercise of any or all of the powers attaching to the right of ownership over a person, and includes the exercise of such power in the course of trafficking in persons, in particular women and children. 
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Criminal Code, 2003, Article 172(1)(c) and (2)(c).
[emphasis in original]
The Criminal Code also states:
(1) Whoever, in violation of the rules of international law, places another in slavery or in a similar status or keeps him in such a status, buys, sells, hands over to another person or mediates the purchase, sale or handing over of such a person or induces someone else to sell his freedom or the freedom of the person he provides for or takes care of,
shall be punished by imprisonment for a term of between one and ten years.
(3) Whoever, in violation of the rules of international law, transports persons who are in a position of slavery or in similar status,
shall be punished by imprisonment for a term of between six months and five years. 
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Criminal Code, 2003, Article 185(1) and (3).
The Criminal Code, as amended in 2004, further states:
Whoever, by means of use of force or threat of use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud or deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability, or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, recruits, transports, transfers, harbours or receipts a person, for the purpose of … slavery …
shall be punished by imprisonment for a term of between one and ten years. 
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Criminal Code, 2003, as amended in 2004, Article 186(1).
In 2007, in the Janković case, the Appellate Panel of the Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina held that the following elements constitute the crime against humanity of sexual slavery: “(i) intentional exercise of any or all of the powers attaching to the right of ownership over a person; (ii) the perpetrator subjected [the] victim to sexual intercourse on one or more occasions.” 
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Janković case, Judgment, 23 October 2007, p. 15.