Bosnia and Herzegovina
Practice Relating to Rule 56. Freedom of Movement of Humanitarian Relief Personnel
Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Criminal Code (2003), as amended in 2004, states:
Whoever … unlawfully confines, keeps confined or in some other manner deprives an internationally protected person of the freedom of movement, or restricts it in some way, with the aim to force him or some other person to do or to omit or to bear something, or perpetrates some other violence against such a person or his liberty … shall be punished by imprisonment for a term of between one and ten years.
Following an attack on an ICRC convoy carrying medical supplies in Sarajevo in May 1992, which led to the death of an ICRC delegate, the Presidency of the Republika Srpska of Bosnia and Herzegovina ordered all combatants to provide secure conditions and the freedom of movement necessary for personnel from the ICRC and other humanitarian organizations.