Bosnia and Herzegovina
Practice Relating to Rule 51. Public and Private Property in Occupied Territory
Under the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Criminal Code (1998), “the taking of an illegal and disproportionate contribution or requisition” is a war crime.
The Republika Srpska’s Criminal Code (2000) contains the same provision.
Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Criminal Code (2003) states that, in time of war, armed conflict or occupation, ordering or “taking [from civilians] an illegal and disproportionate contribution or requisition”, in violation of international law, constitutes a war crime.
In the Bijelić case
in 1997, a Bosnian Serb was convicted by a Bosnian court, inter alia
, of unlawful seizure of property. The trial was supported by the ICTY.