Bosnia and Herzegovina
Practice Relating to Rule 50. Destruction and Seizure of Property of an Adversary
Under the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Criminal Code (1998), “property confiscation, … [and] illegal and wilful destruction and appropriation of property on a large scale and not justified by military needs” are war crimes.
The Republika Srpska’s Criminal Code (2000) contains the same provision.
Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Criminal Code (2003) states that, in time of war, armed conflict or occupation, ordering or committing “property confiscation … [or the] illegal and wilful destruction and stealing on a large scale of property that is not justified by military necessity”, in violation of international law, constitutes a war crime.
The Criminal Code also states:
(1) Whoever in time of war or armed conflict orders the violation of laws and practices of warfare, or whoever violates them,
shall be punished by imprisonment for a term of not less than ten years or long-term imprisonment.
(2) Violations of laws and practices of warfare referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article shall include:
b) Ruthless demolition of cities, settlements or villages or devastation or ravaging not justified by military necessity.