Bosnia and Herzegovina
Practice Relating to Rule 4. Definition of Armed Forces
In its oral pleadings before the ICJ in the Application of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide case (Bosnia and Herzegovina v. Serbia and Montenegro) in 2006, Bosnia and Herzegovina noted:
[I]t would be useful to give some consideration to the issue of how the “armed forces” of a State should be defined. Such a definition appears in Article 43 of the … 1977 Protocol I additional to the Geneva Conventions. It reads: “The armed forces of a Party to a conflict consist of all organized armed forces, groups and units which are under a command responsible to that Party …”.