Norma relacionada
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Practice Relating to Rule 38. Attacks against Cultural Property
Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Military Instructions (1992) provides that “it is prohibited to expose cultural facilities to military activities and undertake any kind of hostile actions which may result in their damage or destruction”. 
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Instructions on the Implementation of the International Law of War in the Armed Forces of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Official Gazette of ABiH, No. 2/92, 5 December 1992, Item 9, § 1.
The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Criminal Code (1998), in a part dealing with “Criminal offences against humanity and international law”, provides:
(1) Whoever, in violation of the rules of international law at the time of war or armed conflict, destroys cultural or historical monuments, buildings or establishments devoted to science, art, education or humanitarian purposes, shall be punished …
(2) If a clearly distinguishable object, which has been under [the] special protection of international law as the people’s cultural and spiritual heritage, has been destroyed by an act defined in paragraph 1 of this Code, the perpetrator shall be punished [more severely]. 
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Federation, Criminal Code, 1998, Article 164.
The Republika Srpska’s Criminal Code (2000) contains a similar provision. 
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Republika Srpska, Criminal Code, 2000, Article 443.
Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Criminal Code (2003) states:
(1) Whoever, in violation of the rules of international law at the time of war or armed conflict, destroys cultural, historical or religious monuments, buildings or establishments devoted to science, art, education, humanitarian or religious purpose,
shall be punished by imprisonment for a term of between one and ten years.
(2) If a clearly distinguishable object, which has been under [the] special protection of international law as [the] people’s cultural and spiritual heritage, has been destroyed by the criminal offence referred to in paragraph 1 of this Code, the perpetrator shall be punished by imprisonment for a term of not less than five years. 
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Criminal Code, 2003, Article 183; see also Articles 173(2)(a) and (b) and 179(2)(d).
In 2005, in its initial report to the Human Rights Committee, Bosnia and Herzegovina stated that its Law on Freedom of Religion and on the Legal Status of Churches and Religious Communities in Bosnia and Herzegovina (2004) prohibits “attacks on and damage of religious facilities and property of the church and other religious communities”. 
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Initial report to the Human Rights Committee, 24 November 2005, UN Doc. CCPR/C/BIH/1, § 206.