Bosnia and Herzegovina
Practice Relating to Rule 36. Demilitarized Zones
Under the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Criminal Code (1998), it is a war crime to order that “demilitarized zones be indiscriminately targeted” or to carry out such targeting.
The Republika Srpska’s Criminal Code (2000) contains the same provision.
Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Criminal Code (2003) contains the following war crimes provision:
Whoever, in violation of the rules of international law in time of war or armed conflict, orders or perpetrates any of the following acts:
b) Targeting indiscriminately … demilitarized zones;
shall be punished by imprisonment for a term of not less than ten years or long-term imprisonment.
In a letter dated 6 March 1994 addressed to the UNPROFOR Command, the Commander-in-chief of the Headquarters of Bosnian Armed Forces denounced the killing and imprisonment of civilians in the demilitarized zones of Srebrenica and Žepa. The UN forces were requested to re-establish the previous positions of the lines, which had been shifted by the adverse party in the attempt to take over the demilitarized zone, and to deploy observers in the zones.