Bosnia and Herzegovina
Practice Relating to Rule 27. Religious Personnel
Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Criminal Code (2003) contains the following war crimes provision:
Whoever, in violation of the rules of international law in time of war or armed conflict, orders or perpetrates in regard to … clergy, any of the following acts:
(a) Depriving another person of their life (murder), intentional infliction of severe physical or mental pain or suffering upon a person (torture), inhuman treatment, including therein biological, medical or other scientific experiments, taking of tissue or organs for the purpose of transplantation;
(b) Causing of great suffering or serious injury to bodily integrity or health;
shall be punished by imprisonment for a term of not less than ten years or long-term imprisonment.
In 2005, in its initial report to the Human Rights Committee, Bosnia and Herzegovina stated that its Law on Freedom of Religion and on the Legal Status of Churches and Religious Communities in Bosnia and Herzegovina (2004) prohibits “attacks on and insults towards religious officials”.