Bosnia and Herzegovina
Practice Relating to Rule 25. Medical Personnel
Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Military Instructions (1992) provides: “It is prohibited to intentionally attack military medical personnel.”
Under the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Criminal Code (1998), “murder, torture [or] inhuman treatment” of medical personnel is considered to be a war crime.
The Republika Srpska’s Criminal Code (2000) contains the same provision.
Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Criminal Code (2003) contains the following war crimes provision:
Whoever, in violation of the rules of international law in time of war or armed conflict, orders or perpetrates in regard to … medical personnel … any of the following acts:
(a) Depriving another person of their life (murder), intentional infliction of severe physical or mental pain or suffering upon a person (torture), inhuman treatment, including therein biological, medical or other scientific experiments, taking of tissue or organs for the purpose of transplantation;
(b) Causing of great suffering or serious injury to bodily integrity or health;
shall be punished by imprisonment for a term of not less than ten years or long-term imprisonment.