Bosnia and Herzegovina
Practice Relating to Rule 2. Violence Aimed at Spreading Terror among the Civilian Population
Under the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Criminal Code (1998), “the application of measures of intimidation and terror” against civilians is a war crime.
The Republika Srpska’s Criminal Code (2000) contains the same provision.
Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Criminal Code (2003) states that, in time of war, armed conflict or occupation, ordering or committing the “application of measures of intimidation or terror” against civilians, in violation of international law, constitutes a war crime.