Norma relacionada
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Practice Relating to Rule 1. The Principle of Distinction between Civilians and Combatants
Section C. Attacks against civilians
Under the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Criminal Code (1998), it is a war crime to commit or order the commission of “an attack on a civilian population … [or] individual civilians”. 
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Federation, Criminal Code, 1998, Article 154(1).
The Republika Srpska’s Criminal Code (2000) contains the same provision. 
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Republika Srpska, Criminal Code, 2000, Article 433(1).
Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Criminal Code (2003) states that, in time of war, armed conflict or occupation, ordering or committing an “[a]ttack on the civilian population … [or] individual civilians”, in violation of international law, constitutes a war crime. 
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Criminal Code, 2003, Article 173(1)(a).
In 2007, in the Lučić case, the Panel of the Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina stated: “Each attack against the other [side’s] civilian population would be … illegitimate”. 
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Lučić case, Judgment, 19 September 2007, p. 62.
In 2007, in the Janković case, the Appellate Panel of the Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina stated that “any attack against the civilian population of the other side would be … unlawful”. 
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Janković case, Judgment, 23 October 2007, p. 8.
The Report on the Practice of Bosnia and Herzegovina provides the following examples of alleged violations of the prohibition of attacks on civilians which were denounced by the authorities: the artillery shelling in the centre of Srebrenica, which resulted in civilian casualties; 
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Appeal of the War Presidency of Srebrenica Municipality, No. 180/93, 25 January 1993, Report on the Practice of Bosnia and Herzegovina, 2000, Chapter 1.3.
the shelling of Goražde; 
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Headquarters of the Supreme Command of the Armed Forces, Office of the Commander in Chief, Letter of protest to UNPROFOR, No. 0141/21-219, 29 March 1994, Report on the Practice of Bosnia and Herzegovina, 2000, Chapter 1.3.
the attack on the village of Pripečak, in which several civilians were killed or wounded; 
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Headquarters of the Supreme Command of the Armed Forces, Office of the Commander in Chief, Letter of protest to UNPROFOR, No. 01-1/21-230, 30 March 1994, Report on the Practice of Bosnia and Herzegovina, 2000, Chapter 1.3.
and the attacks by Yugoslav aircraft in the Tuzla region, in which many residential facilities were destroyed and several civilians killed or wounded. 
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Ministry of Defence, Letter to the Headquarters of the Yugoslav Army in Belgrade, No. 02/333-232, 1 June 1992, Report on the Practice of Bosnia and Herzegovina, 2000, Chapter 1.3.