Norma relacionada
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Practice Relating to Rule 151. Individual Responsibility
The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Criminal Code (1998) contains provisions regarding the punishment of certain acts, some of them committed “in time of war or armed conflict”, such as: “war crimes against civilians” (Article 154); “war crimes against the wounded and sick” (Article 155); “war crimes against prisoners of war” (Article 156); “organizing a group and instigating the commission of genocide and war crimes” (Article 157); “unlawful killing or wounding of the enemy” (Article 158); “marauding” (Article 159); “using forbidden means of warfare” (Article 160); “violating the protection granted to bearers of flags of truce” (Article 161); “cruel treatment of the wounded, sick and prisoners of war” (Article 163); “destruction of cultural and historical monuments” (Article 164); and “misuse of international emblems” (Article 166). 
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Federation, Criminal Code, 1998, Articles 154–161 and 163–166.
The Republika Srpska’s Criminal Code (2000) contains the same provisions. 
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Republika Srpska, Criminal Code, 2000, Articles 433–445.
Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Criminal Code (2003) states:
A person who planned, instigated, ordered, perpetrated or otherwise aided and abetted in the planning, preparation or execution of a criminal offence referred to in Articles 171 (Genocide), 172 (Crimes against Humanity), 173 (War Crimes against Civilians), 174 (War Crimes against the Wounded and Sick), 175 (War Crimes against Prisoners of War), 177 (Unlawful Killing or Wounding of the Enemy), 178 (Marauding the Killed and Wounded at the Battlefield) and 179 (Violating the Laws and Practices of Warfare) of this Code, shall be personally responsible for the criminal offence. 
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Criminal Code, 2003, Article 180(1); see also Article 179(1).
In 2007, in the Lučić case, the Panel of the Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina stated:
[C]ustomary status of criminal responsibility for war crimes (against civilians or against humanity), and individual criminal responsibility for these criminal offences … , was recognized by the UN Secretary General, the International Law Commission, as well as jurisprudence of the ICTY and the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR). These institutions have established that criminal responsibility for war crimes constitutes a peremptory norm of international law or jus cogens. 
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Lučić case, Judgment, 19 September 2007, p. 60.
[footnotes in original omitted]