Bosnia and Herzegovina
Practice Relating to Rule 142. Instruction in International Humanitarian Law within Armed Forces
Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Emblem Law (2002) states: “Competent bodies within the armed forces … shall inform the persons in the armed forces in Bosnia and Herzegovina … about the text of the  Geneva Conventions.”
It is reported that in 1993 the new Herzegovinan Chief of Staff, in response to international criticism of the destruction of the Mostar Bridge by the Bosnian Croat forces, distributed to his officers and soldiers a brochure describing international provisions regarding IHL, war crimes and the protection of cultural heritage and prisoners of war.
According to the Report on the Practice of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the “training of all members of armed forces should be organized on a regular basis in order to disseminate the rules of international law of war”.
According to the Report on the Practice of Bosnia and Herzegovina, it is the opinio juris
of Bosnia and Herzegovina that “commanders of units and each individual member of armed forces are responsible for the implementation of the international law of war”.