Bosnia and Herzegovina
Practice Relating to Rule 103. Collective Punishments
The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Criminal Code (1998) provides that the “imposition of collective punishment” is a war crime.
The Republika Srpska’s Criminal Code (2000) contains the same provision.
Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Criminal Code (2003) states that, in time of war, armed conflict or occupation, ordering or imposing “collective punishments” against civilians, in violation of international law, constitutes a war crime.
In 2007, in the Lučić case, the Panel of the Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina stated:
[A] guarantee provided by Article 78 of the  Fourth Geneva Convention and Article 4(2)(b) of the  Additional Protocol II, consists in the prohibition of internment as a collective punishment, meaning that this internment can only be ordered on a case-by-case basis, and not as a collective measure.