Practice Relating to Rule 151. Individual Responsibility
Section A. Individual criminal responsibility
Austria’s Penal Code (1974) provides: “Not only the immediate perpetrator commits a crime, but also anybody who is instigating another to commit a crime, as well as anybody who makes any contribution to somebody else’s criminal act.”
In 1991, during a debate in the Sixth Committee of the UN General Assembly on the environmental impact of the Gulf War, Austria stated that “there could be no doubt as to the illegality of the acts committed by Iraq, entailing … personal criminal liability of those responsible for those acts”.