Yugoslavia, Socialist Federal Republic of
Practice Relating to Rule 139. Respect for International Humanitarian Law
In 1991, the Federal Executive Council of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, in its “Statement regarding the need for respect of the norms of international humanitarian law in the armed conflict in Yugoslavia”, called on all the participants in the armed conflicts on the territory of Yugoslavia
to respect the fundamental rules and principles of international humanitarian law in conformity with the international conventions signed by Yugoslavia and which constitute a part of its legal system … The Federal Executive Council wishes once again to underline the importance of the observance of international humanitarian law for all the participants in the armed conflicts.
In Order No. 985-1/91 issued in 1991, the Chief of General Staff of the Yugoslav People’s Army (YPA) stated: “YPA units have the duty to secure in the area of their operations full and unconditional implementation of rules of international law of armed conflicts and suppress violations of those rules.”
In 1991, the Chief of General Staff of the Yugoslav People’s Army (YPA) issued Order No. 579 aiming “to completely eliminate violations of international humanitarian law in armed conflicts in Croatia” according to which “YPA units shall ensure full and consistent respect of norms of international humanitarian law in all areas under its jurisdiction”.