Practice Relating to Rule 99. Deprivation of Liberty
Djibouti’s Manual on International Humanitarian Law (2004) states with regard to “children in the justice system” that “parents or guardians of apprehended minors must be informed of their arrest … [A]rrested or detained minors have the same rights as adults, irrespective of the form of arrest or detention”.
The manual also states: “‘No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest or detention.’ The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights … , the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights … and the national constitution … prohibit arbitrary arrest.”
In 2010, in its initial report to the Committee against Torture, Djibouti stated:
46. Following independence in 1977, Djibouti experienced a difficult period of internal tension, which led to a visible, steady rise in violations of human rights and individual freedoms. This state of affairs reached its height during the civil war between government forces and the armed opposition of the Front pour la restauration de l’unité et de la démocratie [Front for the restoration of unity and democracy] (FRUD).
47. With the signing of [the] peace agreement between the warring parties in 1994 and again in 2001, the human rights situation improved dramatically. …
50. … Efforts [have been taken] to eliminate arbitrary arrests in police stations, military police barracks and army and other camps, through a policy of staff training and awareness raising on human rights.
In 2011, in the History and Geography Textbook for 9th Grade, Djibouti’s Ministry of National Education and Vocational Training, under the heading “[O]ffences related to violations of humanitarian law”, listed “unlawful detention of civilians”.