Practice Relating to Rule 52. Pillage
In 2010, in its second periodic report to the Committee against Torture, Cuba stated:
53. Given the definition of torture contained in article 1 of the Convention, any act of torture is prohibited and punishable under Cuban law. Actions involving torture are punishable under various sections of the Criminal Code in relation to a wide range of offences, such as:
(g) … looting ([Military Criminal Code (1979)], art. 43.1).
106. The Military [Criminal Code] establishes that the crime of looting shall be punishable by between one and five years’ imprisonment under article 43.1, and between five and 20 years’ imprisonment, or death, under article 43.2.
In 2010, in a statement before the UN General Assembly on the status of the Protocols Additional to the 1949 Geneva Conventions, and Relating to the Protection of Victims of Armed Conflicts, the representative of Cuba stated:
Increasingly, the civilian population are the victims and direct targets of all kinds of abuses committed by armed forces involved in conflicts. The constant imperialist aggression and permanent interference in the internal affairs of third world countries, [and] the pillage of their wealth … are [among] the fundamental causes of current violations of international humanitarian law.