Practice Relating to Rule 142. Instruction in International Humanitarian Law within Armed Forces
According to the Report on the Practice of Cuba, the Centre for International Humanitarian Law Studies was established in November 1994. Since then, the Ministry of the Armed Forces has supported its operations by providing graduates of the International Institute of Humanitarian Law in San Remo as instructors and by authorizing and requiring senior officers to take part in the courses. IHL is also taught in military academies for officers and cadets and is the subject of courses for privates and sergeants. The Ministry of Internal Order sends officials to these courses systematically.
In 2010, in its report to the UN General Assembly on the Status of the 1977 Additional Protocols, Cuba stated:
Cuba has a great deal of experience in the dissemination and teaching of international humanitarian law. The Centre for Studies in International Humanitarian Law was established in Cuba more than 15 years ago; with the assistance of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) it makes a significant contribution to the dissemination, teaching and development of international humanitarian law, for the leadership of the Revolutionary Armed Forces and staff and officials of the Ministry of the Interior, State bodies and agencies.
The Centre also has a documentation and information centre which is visited by officials and experts in the field, and organizes meetings for military attachés accredited to Cuba.
The Cuban Red Cross Society, the National Union of Jurists, universities and schools of the Revolutionary Armed Forces, Ministry of the Interior and Ministry of Public Health are also involved in the dissemination and teaching of international humanitarian law, for their respective audiences.
In 2010, in a statement before the UN General Assembly on the status of the Protocols Additional to the 1949 Geneva Conventions, and Relating to the Protection of Victims of Armed Conflicts, the representative of Cuba stated:
[Cuba] … has also accumulated experience in the dissemination and instruction of international humanitarian law. We have a Centre for the Study of International Humanitarian Law, … which has made a significant contribution to the dissemination and instruction of international humanitarian law to the Cuban Revolutionary Armed Forces … We have [also] contributed to the dissemination and instruction of international humanitarian law in Central American and Caribbean countries.
Finally, Cuba reiterates its willingness to work towards the global implementation of the rules of international humanitarian law and continues to collaborate with the International Committee of the Red Cross and its various associations in the noble endeavour of disseminating the teaching of and respect for international humanitarian law.