Practice Relating to Rule 62. Improper Use of Flags or Military Emblems, Insignia or Uniforms of the Adversary
France’s Disciplinary Regulations (1975), as amended, states that it is prohibited “to use improperly … the national flag of the enemy”.
France’s LOAC Summary Note (1992) provides: “Perfidy is prohibited. It is prohibited … to use the uniform or emblem of the enemy.”
France’s LOAC Teaching Note (2000) provides: “Perfidy is prohibited, notably … the use of the uniform or emblem of the adversary.”
France’s LOAC Manual (2001) states:
It is normally prohibited to use the flags, emblems or uniforms of enemy States in combat with the view to dissimulate, favour or impede military operations. However, it is traditionally permitted for warships to hoist false flags as long as they are not engaged in combat.