Practice Relating to Rule 88. Non-Discrimination
Finland’s Revised Penal Code (1995), under the heading “Offences against humanity”, provides for the punishment of
any persons who, in their private or public functions, discriminate on grounds of race, national or ethnic origin, language, colour, sex, age, family ties, sexual preferences, state of health, religion, political orientation, political or industrial activity or other comparable circumstance.
In 2003, in its fifth periodic report to the Human Rights Committee, Finland stated:
The Emergency Powers Act (1080/1991) requires that the basic necessities of the population, the maintenance of law and order and the protection of the territorial integrity and independence of Finland be ensured in emergency situations. Section 9 (198/2000) specifically provides that the rights protected by the Constitution or other recognised rights may only be restricted under the Emergency Powers Act to the extent it is necessary in order to control the situation. The prohibited grounds of discrimination are listed in the Act in the same way as in the Constitution … A corresponding provision is included in section 7 (199/2000) of the Defence Act (1083/1991).