Practice Relating to Rule 122. Pillage of the Personal Belongings of Persons Deprived of Their Liberty
South Africa’s Revised Civic Education Manual (2004) states that prisoners of war are “entitled to protection” and that this protection includes “[r]etention of personal (non-lethal) belongings”.
South Africa’s LOAC Teaching Manual (2008) states:
Fundamental Norms and Values (rules)
The fundamental norms/val[u]es which underlie the LOAC [law of armed conflict] are:
- All persons who are captured or under the authority of an adverse party are entitled to, as a minimum, the protection and guarantees bestowed upon prisoners of war (POW).
The manual also states:
Capture of POW
The following objects may not be taken away from a POW:
- All effects and articles of personal use.
- Helmets, body armour, gas masks and similar articles issued for personal protection.
- Effects and articles used for clothing and feeding, even if it is military equipment.
- Identity documents.
- Badges of rank and nationality, decorations and articles of sentimental value.
- Money, except by order of an officer and only if the amount taken and particulars of the owner have been recorded in a special register and an itemised receipt, which [is] legibly inscribed with the name[,] rank and unit of the person issuing the receipt, is given.
- Articles of value, except for reasons of security, in which instance [they] should be treated the same way as money.
South Africa’s Implementation of the Geneva Conventions Act (2012) states: “A protected prisoner of war who is in the custody of the South African National Defence Force must be granted the protection of the  Third [Geneva] Convention or the  Fourth [Geneva] Convention, as the case may be.”
The Act defines a “protected prisoner of war” as a “person protected by the Third Convention or a person who is protected as a prisoner of war under [the 1977 Additional] Protocol I”.