Practice Relating to Rule 131. Treatment of Displaced Persons
Section A. Provision of basic necessities
In 2011, in its combined third and fourth periodic reports to the Committee on the Rights of the Child, Thailand stated:
Children in temporary shelters for displaced persons fleeing armed conflict
100. Thailand adheres to the principle of non-refoulement of displaced persons fleeing armed conflict, protecting them from forced repatriation to areas of danger. Currently, there are nine temporary shelters designated for this group of people in four Northern provinces and along the Thai-Myanmar borders. Temporary refuge has been granted to 140,000 displaced people based on humanitarian principles pending safe return to the country of origin. However, many of these people have been taking refuge in Thailand for generations and are still unable to return to their countries due to possible threats to their safety, obliging Thailand to continue to provide care and services to them. Some groups have been residing in these areas for more than 30 years.
101. The aim of Thailand’s policy towards displaced persons fleeing armed conflict is to provide assistance on a humanitarian basis pending eventual repatriation. While taking refuge in the temporary shelters, displaced persons are forbidden to go out of the designated areas or take any actions that might jeopardize the relationships with Thailand’s neighbors. The management of the camps follows strict guidelines and takes into account the observations and concerns of the CRC Committee [Committee on the Rights of the Child].
102. Some of the measures taken to ensure proper care and treatment of these people are:
(a) The establishment of a committee, consisting of representative[s] from relevant agencies, tasked with providing care for displaced persons in temporary refuge and determining [a] long-term plan aimed at eventual repatriation or settlement in a third country;
(b) Selection of areas for setting up camps that are near to the border, connecting to the country of origin, and produce the least possible impact on the environment and Thai population;
(c) Development of profile and personal records for care and repatriation;
(f) Cooperation with 17 private organizations and international organizations in providing care and welfare services to displace[d] persons … ;
(i) Organization of internal administration of the camps through a committee, consisting of 15 representatives from displaced persons themselves, responsible for different aspects of daily living and coordinating with authorities from Thailand on registration and safety issue[s] and with NGOs on daily living and care.