Practice Relating to Rule 142. Instruction in International Humanitarian Law within Armed Forces
In 1999, efforts were made by El Salvador to encourage the inclusion of IHL in training programmes for the armed and security forces of El Salvador.
According to the Report on the Practice of El Salvador, a small handbook on basic rules of IHL was distributed by the National Red Cross Society to members of the armed forces of El Salvador.
In 2006, in its written replies to the issues raised by the Committee on the Rights of the Child with regard to El Salvador’s initial report under the Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict, El Salvador stated:
Since the Peace Accords, the international law of armed conflict and human rights have been added to the course curriculum taught in the Armed Forces Education System; at present, teaching within that system includes 1,763 hours of instruction on the international law of armed conflict at different levels, and 573 class hours of instruction in human rights.
In 2009, in its sixth periodic report to the Human Rights Committee, El Salvador stated:
To fulfil commitments with regard to … respect for international humanitarian law, the Inter-institutional Committee on International Humanitarian Law in El Salvador (CIDIH-ES) was created to advise the Government on measures for the application, interpretation and dissemination of international humanitarian law in order to meet its commitments. The Committee was legally established by Executive Decree No. 118 of 4 November 1997, published in the Diario Oficial
No. 215, vol. No. 337, of 18 November 1997.
The report further stated:
191. The Inter-institutional Committee on International Humanitarian Law in El Salvador (CIDIH-ES) disseminates information in various sectors of the population on international humanitarian law and its application in armed conflicts, and to that end, it has held training and refresher courses for … military authorities … .
192. These activities, which have helped to spread information on international humanitarian law, have focused on a culture of peace to prevent war and [encourage] respect for the application of international humanitarian norms in times of armed conflict … .
194. The above-mentioned measures promote knowledge of the importance of international humanitarian law and respect of its norms, thereby heightening the awareness and improving the education of the population with regard to this issue.