Practice Relating to Rule 65. Perfidy
Section F. Simulation of protected status by using the distinctive emblems of the Geneva Conventions
Sweden’s IHL Manual (1991) provides: “Abuse of the distinctive emblem of the International Red Cross with perfidious intent is explicitly listed as perfidy and a gross infringement of international humanitarian law.”
Under Sweden’s Penal Code (1962), as amended in 1998, the misuse of emblems of medical aid (red cross) or “the killing or injuring of an opponent by means of some other form of treacherous behaviour” constitutes a crime against international law.