Practice Relating to Rule 93. Rape and Other Forms of Sexual Violence
The Russian Federation’s Regulations on the Application of IHL (2001) states:
Under any circumstances international humanitarian law ensures humane treatment during an armed conflict of persons not directly involved in combat operations … In particular, the following shall be prohibited with regard to such persons: … outrages upon personal dignity, in particular humiliating and degrading treatment … [and] threats to commit any of the above acts.
With regard to internal armed conflict, the Regulations states:
The following acts against [all persons who do not take a direct part or who have ceased to take part in hostilities] are and shall remain prohibited at any time and in any place whatsoever: … outrages upon personal dignity, in particular … rape, enforced prostitution and any form of indecent assault [and] threats to commit any of the foregoing acts.