Règle correspondante
Serbia
Practice Relating to Rule 153. Command Responsibility for Failure to Prevent, Punish or Report War Crimes
Serbia’s Criminal Code (2005) states:
(1) A military commander or person who in practice is discharging such function, knowing that forces under his command or control are preparing or have commenced committing offences specified [genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes] … fails to undertake measures that he could have taken or was obliged to take to prevent commission of such crimes, and this results in actual commission of that crime, shall be punished by the penalty prescribed for such offence.
(2) Any other superior who knowing that forces under his command or control are preparing or have commenced committing offences specified [genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes] … fails to undertake measures that he could have taken or was obliged to take to prevent commission of such crimes, and this results in actual commission of that crime, shall be punished by the penalty prescribed for such offence. 
Serbia, Criminal Code, 2005, Article 384(1)–2.