Practice Relating to Rule 130. Transfer of Own Civilian Population into Occupied Territory
New Zealand’s Military Manual (1992) provides: “The Occupying Power is forbidden to move parts of its own population into the occupied territory with the intention of changing the nature of the population or annexing or colonizing the area.”
The manual considers such practice to be a grave breach.
New Zealand’s Geneva Conventions Act (1958), as amended in 1987, provides:
Any person who in New Zealand or elsewhere commits, or aids or abets or procures the commission by another person of, a grave breach … of [the 1977 Additional Protocol I] is guilty of an indictable offence.
Under New Zealand’s International Crimes and ICC Act (2000), war crimes include the crimes defined in Article 8(2)(b)(viii) of the 1998 ICC Statute.