Practice Relating to Rule 117. Accounting for Missing Persons
Section B. Provision of information on missing persons
The Military Manual (1993) of the Netherlands states:
An important task of the Netherlands Red Cross is the establishment of a National Information Bureau. The task of this bureau consists of the collection and transmission, in cooperation with the Central Tracing Agency of the ICRC, of information about prisoners of war and other protected persons.
The Military Manual (2005) of the Netherlands states:
In addition to possible action as a protecting power and to gathering information on prisoners of war, the ICRC fulfils the following tasks:
- tracing missing persons and forwarding messages to prisoners of war and civilian detainees.
The manual further states:
An important task of the Dutch Red Cross is to form the National Information Bureau, whose task is to cooperate with the Central Tracing Agency of the ICRC in collecting and forwarding information about prisoners of war and other protected persons. In many countries, this task is not carried out by the national Red Cross organization, but by the government.
In 1988, in a report on the Measures of Implementation of the 1949 Geneva Conventions and the 1977 Additional Protocols, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands stated that “the National Information Bureau has a plan for the … registration and communication of information” with regard to missing persons.