Practice Relating to Rule 96. Hostage-Taking
Nigeria’s Manual on the Laws of War provides that hostage-taking is a grave breach of the Geneva Conventions and is considered a serious war crime.
The manual also specifies that “killing of hostages” is a war crime.
Nigeria’s Geneva Conventions Act (1960) punishes any person who “whether in or outside the Federation, … whatever his nationality, commits, or aids, abets or procures any other person to commit any such grave breach of any of the [1949 Geneva] Conventions”.