Practice Relating to Rule 31. Humanitarian Relief Personnel
Mexico’s Army and Air Force Manual (2009), in a section on the 1949 Geneva Convention I, states: “The personnel taking part in relief actions must be respected and protected.”
Mexico’s IHL Guidelines (2009), in a section entitled “Basic rules of conduct in armed conflict”, states: “Respect all persons … involved in humanitarian assistance”.
In 2010, in a statement before the UN Security Council on the situation in the Middle East, including the Palestinian question, the permanent representative of Mexico stated:
We are dismayed and surprised by the grave events that took place along the coasts of the Mediterranean off the Gaza Strip today. We condemn in the strongest terms the armed attack carried out by the armed forces of Israel in international waters against the flotilla of civilian boats seeking to carry humanitarian aid to the inhabitants of the Gaza Strip. …
Attacks in armed conflict situations directed specifically against civilians and other persons … subject to protection – in this case, humanitarian assistance personnel – … are serious violations of the norms and principles of international humanitarian law, in accordance with the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and their Additional Protocols of … . They also constitute international crimes.
In 2010, in a statement before the UN Security Council on the protection of civilians in armed conflict, the permanent representative of Mexico stated:
Parties in armed conflicts barely comply with the obligation to permit and facilitate access of civilian populations to humanitarian assistance, subjecting them to greater risk. Compounding the difficulty are attacks on humanitarian workers in conflict zones.