Practice Relating to Rule 100. Fair Trial Guarantees
Section J. Compelling accused persons to testify against themselves or to confess guilt
Mexico’s Army and Air Force Manual (2009), in a section on the 1949 Geneva Convention III, states: “Judicial procedure must be regular, that is, it must include at least the following guarantees … the accused must not be coerced into confessing”.
In a section on the obligations of the occupying power under the 1949 Geneva Convention IV, the manual also states:
C. Judicial procedure must be regular, that is, it must include at least the following guarantees:
d. the accused must not be coerced into confessing.
In 2006, during the consideration of the third periodic report of Mexico by the Committee on the Rights of the Child, a representative of Mexico stated: “The rights to a defence and a fair hearing and all rights related to due process … [are] respected. The minor … [has] the right … to refuse to make a statement.”