Republic of Korea
Practice Relating to the Prohibition of Certain Types of Landmines
The Republic of Korea’s Conventional Weapons Act (2001) provides:
No one is allowed to use or transfer a weapon that falls under any of the following:
1. Mines … or other devices made to detonate resulting from the magnetism of a mine-detection device or other cause without physical contact of a person or device during detection operations with standard mine-detection devices available in Korea.
2. Anti-personnel mines that are undetectable by standard mine-detection devices available in Korea and that do not respond with a signal, which is detected from 8 grams or more of iron.
3. Remotely-delivered anti-personnel mines that do not fulfil any of the following:
(a) Over 90 percent of the total amount shot or dropped shall automatically detonate within 30 days.
(b) Over 99.9 percent of the total amount shot or dropped shall automatically detonate or otherwise lose its function as a mine within 120 days.
At the International Strategy Conference “Towards a Global Ban on Anti-Personnel Mines” held in Ottawa, Canada, in 1996, the Republic of Korea stated that it “in principle supports the ultimate goal of eliminating [anti-personnel landmines]” but that due to the “unique security situation” on the Korean Peninsula, it “cannot fully subscribe to the total and unconditional ban of [anti-personnel landmines]”.