Practice Relating to Rule 80. Booby-Traps
Kenya’s LOAC Manual (1997) prohibits the use of booby-traps which are
in any way attached to or associated with internationally recognised protective emblems, signs or signals; sick, wounded or dead persons; burial or cremation sites or graves; medical facilities, medical equipment, medical supplies or medical transportation; children’s toys or other portable objects or products specially designed for the feeding, health, hygiene, clothing or education of children; food or drinks; kitchen utensils or appliances except in military establishments, military locations or military supply depots; objects clearly of a religious nature; historic monuments, works of art or places of worship which constitute the cultural or spiritual heritage of peoples; animals or their carcasses.
The manual further provides that booby-traps and other devices may only be used (except those quoted previously) in populated areas “when they are placed on or in the close vicinity of a military objective belonging to or under the control of the enemy; or when measures are taken to protect civilian persons (e.g. warning signs, sentries, issue of warnings, provision of fences)”. Lastly, it states: “The location shall be recorded of: … areas where large scale and pre-planned use is made of booby-traps, other … booby-traps, when the tactical situation permits.”