Practice Relating to Rule 150. Reparation
Section C. Forms of reparation other than compensation
In 1993, the Chief Cabinet Secretary of the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs stated, with respect to the recruitment and abuse during the Second World War of the so-called “comfort women” by the Japanese military, that “the Government of Japan would like … to extend its sincere apologies and remorse to all those, irrespective of place of origin, who suffered immeasurable pain and incurable physical and psychological wounds as comfort women”.
In 1994, the Prime Minister of Japan stated:
On the issue of wartime “comfort women” [recruited and abused by the Japanese military during the Second World War], which seriously stained the honour and dignity of many women, I would like to … express my profound and sincere remorse and apologies.
In 1995, the Chief Cabinet Secretary of the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs made a statement to the effect that:
Based on our remorse for the past … the project of the “Asian Peace and Friendship Foundation for Women” will be undertaken as follows.
1. The following activities will be conducted for the former wartime comfort women, through the cooperation of the Japanese People and the Government:
i. The Foundation will raise funds in the private sector as a means to enact the Japanese people’s atonement for former wartime comfort women.
ii. The Foundation will support those conducting medical and welfare projects and other similar projects which are of service to former wartime comfort women, through the use of government funding and other funds.
iii. When these projects are implemented, the Government will express the nation’s feelings of sincere remorse and apology to the former wartime comfort women.
In 1995, the Prime Minister of Japan, with respect to the Asian Women’s Fund established in July 1995 by the proponents from the legal, academic and NGO sectors in Japan with the support of the Government of Japan to the benefit of the victims recruited and abused as “comfort women” by the Japanese military during the Second World War, offered his “profound apology to all those who, as wartime comfort women, suffered emotional and physical wounds that can never be closed”. The Prime Minister further stated:
Established on this occasion and involving the cooperation of the Government and citizens of Japan, the “Asian Women’s Fund” is an expression of atonement on the part of the Japanese people toward these women and supports medical, welfare, and other projects. As articulated in the proponents’ Appeal, the Government will do its utmost to ensure that the goals of the Fund are achieved.