Règle correspondante
Japan
Practice Relating to Rule 106. Conditions for Prisoner-of-War Status
At the CDDH, Japan abstained in the vote on draft Article 42 of the Additional Protocol I (now Article 44) because it considered that “the provisions of paragraph 3 on the ways in which members of irregular forces were required to distinguish themselves from civilians would lead to inadequate protection of the civilian population”. 
Japan, Statement at the CDDH, Official Records, Vol. VI, CDDH/SR.41, 26 May 1977, p. 152, § 51.
Japan further stated that paragraph 3 should be construed “as applying restrictively to exceptional cases” and that the term “military deployment” used in paragraph 3(b) meant “any movement towards a place from which an attack was to be launched”. 
Japan, Statement at the CDDH, Official Records, Vol. VI, CDDH/SR.41, 26 May 1977, p. 152, § 53.