Règle correspondante
Italy
Practice Relating to Rule 1. The Principle of Distinction between Civilians and Combatants
Section C. Attacks against civilians
Italy’s IHL Manual (1991) states that “bombardment, the sole purpose of which is to attack the civilian population,” is prohibited. 
Italy, Manuale di diritto umanitario, Introduzione e Volume I, Usi e convenzioni di Guerra, SMD-G-014, Stato Maggiore della Difesa, I Reparto, Ufficio Addestramento e Regolamenti, Rome, 1991, Vol. I, § 13.
Italy’s LOAC Elementary Rules Manual (1991) states: “Civilians may not be attacked, unless they participate directly in hostilities.” 
Italy, Regole elementari di diritto di guerra, SMD-G-012, Stato Maggiore della Difesa, I Reparto, Ufficio Addestramento e Regolamenti, Rome, 1991, § 10.
Italy’s Law of War Decree (1938), as amended in 1992, states that “bombardment, the sole purpose of which is to attack the civilian population,” is prohibited. 
Italy, Law of War Decree, 1938, as amended in 1992, Article 42.