Practice Relating to Rule 98. Enforced Disappearance
Croatia’s Criminal Code (1997), as amended to 2006, states that a crime against humanity is committed by whoever
orders the arrest, detention or kidnapping of some persons in the name of and with the permission, support or approval of a State or political organization and subsequently does not admit that these persons have been deprived of their liberty or withholds information about the fate of such persons or the place where they are kept.
The main task of the Commission for Tracing Persons Missing in War Activities in the Republic of Croatia, established by the Croatian Government in 1991, was to collect and process the information about civil and other persons missing from the territory of Croatia during the war. In 1993, a new Commission, the Commission for Detained and Missing Persons, replaced the one established in 1991, yet with the same task.